Differences between Microsoft Azure, Amazon Web Services, and Google Cloud Platform

Businesses around the world have moved from self-hosted infrastructure to public cloud configurations. While most businesses will always need on-premise technology, they are developing their applications directly in the cloud. This allows development teams to focus on the product, rather than having to work on the infrastructure to support the application. By moving to the cloud, companies have an existing physical infrastructure that is continuously maintained and updated. This gives them more resources and time to devote to the mobile app development project at hand.

Currently, there are three major cloud platform providers that occupy most of the market share. They are Amazon Web Services (AWS), Microsoft Azure, and Google Cloud Platform (GCP). While Azure and GCP are growing steadily, AWS remains the clear leader in market share. Each platform has its own features and pricing which may match the development requirements of your mobile applications. Read on how each platform compares to each other. Ice providers offer high-quality services, with high reliability, high security, good performance, and with good customer support. So the market is dominated by the three main providers: Amazon Web Services, Google Cloud, and Microsoft Azure.

Each CSP provides a number of products that cover everything you may need for your online operations. The three providers differ, not only in pricing but also in the way each provider group their services. Below, I show you the most common elements: infrastructure, auto-scaling, security, monitoring, and much more. The goal is to help you identify by crossing the different services provided by each CSP so that you can easily identify the ideal services for your business.

Amazon Web Services

The Amazon cloud platform offers nearly all the capabilities of the cloud computing industry. Their cloud services provide easy access to the processing power, data storage, or other functionality needed by app developers. AWS has many products that fall into many categories. In addition to the features mentioned above, they offer development tools, management tools, mobile services, and application services. As you can imagine, application services combined with IT and database infrastructure are critical components for a successful enterprise mobile app development team.

In addition to a wide range of services, the AWS cloud has been adopting cloud computing pricing since its inception in 2006. Their pricing is very competitive with all other cloud providers. Prices for their cloud services have continued to decline due to competition and pricing structures. AWS offers free service levels for startups and individuals. It is an easy way to try before your purchase. Additionally, development teams can purchase servers by the second rather than by the hour. Depending on the services your team uses, you can definitely find a reasonable AWS pricing structure that is lower than the cost of all the infrastructure investment.

Microsoft Azure

Similar to AWS cloud services, Azure offers a full range of solutions for the needs of app developers. The platform gives you the ability to deploy and manage virtual machines at scale. You can process and calculate at any capacity you need in minutes. Plus, if your custom software needs to do large-scale parallel batch processing, it can handle it too. This is actually a unique feature of AWS and Azure via Google’s cloud platform. Comprehensive Azure capabilities integrate into existing systems and processes, delivering more power and capacity for business development.

When considering Azure pricing, you need to keep in mind that costs will depend on the types of products required by the development team. The hourly cost of the server can range from $ 0.099 per hour to $ 0.149 per hour. Of course, if you measure costs by instance only, the prices may not seem consistent. However, the prices are quite comparable to AWS when you factor in the price per GB of RAM. As leading enterprise cloud service providers compete for your business, pricing remains competitive across the board.

Google Cloud Platform

Once again, Google Cloud Platform has a plethora of developer services. As an enterprise mobile app development team, you may be interested in the App Engine product. This allows an app developer to build applications without taking care of the server. It is a fully managed solution for agile application development. Plus, you can perform high-level calculations, storage, networking, and databases with GCP. These are all great products to use depending on the type of app development you’re working on. Although Google has some cheaper services than the competition, you can find all the requirements for mobile application development projects.

Where GCP can lag behind in additional features, it makes up for cost efficiency. The platform also has to pay by price, billing the “per second” of use. By separating GCP, it offers discounts for long-term use starting after the first month. This is great if you are starting a new mobile app development project and want to keep costs down. Conversely, it may take more than a year to get long-term discounts on other cloud service providers. Clearly, Google is putting pressure on competing cloud providers to keep market prices lower.


Amazon with its EC2 proposal (Elastic Cloud Compute) allows you to select the computational capacity, the memory, the number of cloud servers, and the operating system, choosing from a whole series of ready-to-use AMI images. Amazon also provides the ELB service of load-balancing between the different VMs and allows the self-scaling of computational capacity and DNS failover.

Google is not that far from the same type of offering, but unlike Amazon, Mountain View’s computing proposals were released starting in 2013. In the same year, in May, Microsoft’s cloud computing proposal arrived. , first with the name of Windows Azure and then simply renamed Azure. Amazon AMIs are the VHDs that represent the images with which to create the different cloud servers.


AWS offers a temporary storage service that is allocated when an instance is launched and can be attached to the instance itself or kept apart. The object storage service takes the form of the well-known S3 proposal, while long-term archiving takes place with Glacier.

Google offers both persistent and temporary cloud storage through the Cloud Storage service, while Glacier’s antagonist for long-term archiving, called Nearline, has been launched in beta these days.

Azure, for its part, offers temporary D drive storage and Page Blobs block storage, while object storage is provided through the Block Blobs and Files serve services.


Amazon Virtual Private Cloud (VPC) and Azure Virtual Network (VNET) both allow you to manage isolated networks in the cloud, choosing the network topology, the presence of subnets, and much more. Google also offers more or less the same services, so in the networking field, it can be said that the real difference between the three big providers is the DNS Route 53 service offered exclusively by Amazon AWS.

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Why plugins are becoming so critical for website

A plugin is a program that does not act autonomously but supports other programs with the aim of improving and expanding their functions. They are pieces of code or programs that interact with other programs. For example, the most used and known plugin is the one, usually inserted at the end of web pages, which allows users to leave comments, but many others can be listed and for any type of category. Furthermore, they can be both free and paid.

Depending on the programs and software platforms, plugins are called with different synonyms:

  1. add-in
  2. add-on
  3. extensions (e.g. the extension architecture for Google Chrome and Mozilla Firefox web browsers).

The ability of software to support plugins is generally a great feature because it makes it possible for third parties to extend and customize its functions relatively quickly and easily. This favors, on the one hand, the lesser obsolescence of the software and on the other the greater diffusion, the more numerous and functional are the plugins written for a specific program or according to a specific standard: an example is the commercial success of the audio production software of Steinberg, linked to the widespread use of VST standard music plugins. To facilitate the task for third-party developers who intend to create plugins, the software company or creator of the standard distributes – often free of charge – systems called Software Development Kits (SDKs), which contain features, examples, and developer documentation.

In the web environment, if we hear about plugins, it is very likely that it is a WordPress plugin, some other CMS (Content Management System), or a plugin for Javascript or PHP languages.

We can find plugins for the management of photo galleries, for the creation and operation of contact forms, for SEO optimization, for the creation of sliders or galleries, and for another infinity of functions.

Plugins save developers tons of time by giving them the ability to use code already written and tested by other developers.

Even plugins can have their disadvantages:

  • they must be kept constantly updated (or you can risk malfunctions or, worse still, breaches in the security of the site) are
  • not always free and in some cases, there is such a wide choice that it can be difficult an evaluation
  • in some cases, you can create conflicts between plugins

Disadvantages, however, manageable with a little forethought and marginal compared to the benefits that can be obtained.

Internet Explorer 5 in 1999 offered its users the possibility to install additional toolbars and other small utilities, Firefox was the first browser to exploit the potential of extensions.

The ability to customize the browser through extensions, offered to Firefox users since 2004, was one of the factors that led Firefox to become one of the most popular browsers in the world.

To date, Firefox offers almost 3 thousand extensions including AdBlock Plus (to block video ads on web pages), Video DownloadHelper (to download videos to your computer from websites), Firebug (useful for those who develop and want to check the code in pages), each used by millions of people.

Chrome also has a considerable park of extensions, numerically equal (if not superior) to that of Firefox.

Here are the 10 WordPress plugins that make life easier, improve the time it becomes more productive. They carry out their work in a silent and automated way.

There are so many WordPress extensions that many features are developed by multiple plugins at the same time, but they are not duplicates, only extensions that can improve some aspects rather than others.

You can find free or paid plugins, but there are also those defined as freemium and that is free ones with additional advanced features and available only for a fee.

Best WordPress Plugins

The best WP plugins you need to have cover different topics as mentioned above. In particular, these categories are SEO, security, site speed, and marketing. Installing the WordPress plugins referring to these categories ensures you a safe, fast, SEO friendly site and basically suitable for any need.


The name suggests the potential of this extension. Jetpack automates many functions such as security, site performance, facilitates traffic growth, optimizes images, an aspect that is becoming increasingly important, and more.

With Jetpack you are immediately in contact with the main search engines in order to maximize indexing and ranking in the rankings. Automatically generate a sitemap.

The security it offers against brute force attacks is also important. Always pay attention to this specific point, since especially at the beginning you tend not to take it into consideration. Over time your site will become more visible, not only to good intentions, we understand each other!


This extension comes with all WordPress packages, even the basic ones. It is an anti-spam, it checks all comments and filters them automatically.

If you have entered the comments function of your blog, then Akismet will help you to learn more about those who leave, or rather, would like to leave a post. The moderator of the site has the possibility to have an overview about who comments and what they write, and then approve it or not. Not infrequently comments are used to insert a URL for advertising purposes, Akismet identifies and blocks them. This plugin is free, but for commercial sites, a subscription is required, as it activates advanced security features.


One of the absolutely necessary WordPress plugins if you want your posts to have the winning features to climb the rankings. SEO has become increasingly important and knowing how to optimize a post is the key to reaching the top. It is one of the reasons why WordPress has taken up so much space.

It is a companion that helps you write in an SEO friendly way, suggests where you need to improve and how users will read your post.

With Yoast, you choose a keyword to focus the post on. On it is based the understanding by search engines about the topic you are dealing with. It allows you to enter a summary which will then be displayed in the preview. It gives you a score for readability. Warn about alt tags to be given to the images you insert. Finally, it allows you to give an orderly structure to the post by choosing the appropriate titles and subtitles.


User Profile, Membership and More by WPEverest

The title is a bit long, I preferred to insert it all since there are several with similar names.

On WordPress, you can activate the user registration function. What does it mean? each user can join your site simply through a registration form that you make available. This feature can be activated from the WordPress control panel. Click on Settings, in the drop-down menu that follows, press General. Now you can put the checkmark on: “Anyone can join”.

This method of joining via email and username is not exactly the best in management. And here comes the suggested plugin. It makes this feature user friendly and simple for users who want to sign up.


This too we can define a WordPress plugin specific for SEO. With this extension, you are sure that the main search engines are able to index your site.

After downloading and activating it, an automatic XML sitemap is generated. The entire structure of the site will therefore be easily retrievable by the various search engines. It is interesting the automatic notification function that acts every time you publish something, without the need to do it personally.

Unfortunately, if you already have Yoast there may be some conflict.

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Prop Tech – The biggest tech innovations in Real Estate during COVID

What does PropTech mean?

The term PropTech, Property, and Technology, has grown significantly in terms of Google search volumes. Since 2016, the phenomenon seems to explode worldwide, with peaks in popularity in Singapore, in the United Kingdom, in Switzerland.

Protects are high-tech startups that exploit the opportunities offered by digital, artificial intelligence, and big data to create innovative products or new models to conquer the real estate market.

The difference between the companies listed above and the proptechs is that for the former, technology is a nice accessory, but their activity remains fundamentally analogous; for the latter, technology is the basis of business.

No wonder then that Proptech is the concept behind the revolution that is turning the real estate industry upside down around the world.

Selling a house: why rely on a PropTech?

The sale of a house has many variables that must be taken into account. The valuation of the property alone, at the base of the entire process, is carried out by taking into consideration a very large number of objective factors, but which cannot be precisely measured without resorting to modern technologies.

An online real estate valuation algorithm (such as the one developed by Homstate) is able to cross in real-time data on demand, supply, valuation of properties with characteristics similar to that to be valued in the area of ​​interest with a margin of minimal error – and that is further refined over time.

Before the advent of proptechs, traditional agencies based their assessments and decisions only on analog processes and experience data – with an even significant margin of error.

A proptech instead exploits digital processes and makes decisions supported by big data and algorithms in order to offer the customer a more transparent, more performing and more advantageous service.

The proptech companies also make use of digital native property management systems: this simplifies the interaction between intermediary and customer, guaranteeing a certain freedom for the former and a good level of control for the latter.

Leasing: if PropTech also reinvents renting the rental

Proptechs are also making a difference in the renting sector, bringing together supply and demand with speed and precision unknown until a few years ago.

AirBnb is the most striking example of how the birth of a single proptech can change the cards on the table.

On the other hand, the data confirm the growth in the demand for leases compared to that of the sale of properties: this phenomenon is to be attributed to the repercussion of the crisis that has upset the real estate sector in the past decade and to the change in consumer habits.

If before the house was in fact a good to invest in – in Italy above all the brick has always been a form of saving – the last generations tend to favor the use of the property over the property, therefore the lease over the purchase: Millennials and Generation Z undoubtedly prefer sharing.

Proptech: technology at the service of the real estate sector

For some years now the real estate sector has undergone an important evolution due in particular to a process of digitization and technological innovation. This transformation is often referred to with the term “Proptech”, which derives precisely from the merger between “property” and “technology”.

Although the definitions attributed to it over time are different, almost all experts agree that all the technological innovations developed and implemented in the real estate sector, but not only, are attributable to the Proptech concept. The term Proptech also refers to the industry itself, the business sector contaminated by this wave of innovation.

The aim of this new phenomenon is to improve the real estate sector under various aspects, optimizing the processes and properties themselves, moving in a digital and innovative environment, in order to obtain greater efficiency.

According to the report “Innovative technologies, tools and services for Real Estate” published by the Proptech Monitor established by the Politecnico di Milano, there are three main areas of interest for Proptech:

  • Smart Real Estate, which facilitates operations and management of real estate assets at different scales, using high-tech platforms and systems,
  • the Shared Economy, which defines the property considering how is used, such as sharing a house or workspace,
  • Real Estate Fintech, which includes activities such as brokerage, crowdfunding, investments, and auctions.

In addition to those listed, there is also another category, generally included more in the construction sector than in the real estate sector. This is Contech, mainly aimed at the design and construction phases of buildings supported by the use of technology.

Real estate and the digital turning point

Traditionally, real estate has always been a very slow sector to evolve and to follow new paths. The last forty years, however, have marked a break with this attitude, mainly thanks to the strong technological development that has changed almost all sectors of the economy.

At first, the approach was to use computers and information systems to manage property data more efficiently. Over time, the uses have been more and more numerous and different from each other until, more recently, we talk about online real estate crowdfunding platforms and blockchain technology applied to real estate transactions. It is now a must to talk about “digital real estate”, since most of the activities related to the sector are now carried out online, from trading to financial investments.

This rapid evolution of the real estate sector has raised many concerns in terms of regulation, given that until now real estate has always followed a well-framed regulatory framework. All the new realities that revolve around the concept of Proptech have led the legislators to move towards the definition of new laws suitable for including and implementing these innovations. However, if for some technologies, such as blockchain, some discussions are still underway, for others there is already a dedicated discipline. In Italy, crowdfunding platforms, which allow capital raising and investment in real estate projects, already have their own specific regulations and can therefore offer greater protection to investors.

Homepal, pioneer of Italian Proptech

Thanks to the advanced use of technology and big data, Homepal offers its private users a series of solutions to manage digitally the sale, purchase, or rental of properties in total safety, full awareness, and with great savings compared to the costs of traditional agencies.  

Homepal is led by a group of managers with important complementary experiences in the company and in consulting: Andrea Lacalamita, Founder and President, an expert in marketing and strategic planning, with a background in the banking sector, such as Mediolanum and Unicredit; Monica Regazzi, CEO, finance and business strategy consulting expert, former partner of BCG – Boston Consulting Group; Fabio Marra, Founder, and Chief Commercial Officer, customer service and CRM expert in the telecommunications sector, in particular in H3G.

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Which are the key trends in Adtech

What are the main trends in ad tech and the best marketing strategies to guarantee exclusive shopping experiences, retain existing customers, and reach potential ones through multiple digital channels?

Tactics that work

Marketers face three main challenges in conversion campaigns: being able to unify fragmented data, due to the variety of channels and devices used, overcoming the difficulty of measuring return on investment and other metrics, and developing a greater ability to connect online and offline consumer data.

The best strategies for ensuring the success of a campaign are optimizing ads on high-quality sites and promoting special and unique offers for consumers.

The secrets of re-engagement

The sales success rate for an existing customer is between 60-70%, while for a new customer it is between 5 and 20%. Returning loyal customers can generate up to two-thirds of the brand’s revenue.

Existing customers spend more on average than new shoppers, and shopping app users have high retention trends. Irresistible discounts, personalization, and innovative ad formats with attractive designs are three of the most effective tactics for successful re-engagement campaigns.

The GDPR emphasizes the link between trust and privacy

With the European GDPR law and the ongoing scandals on Facebook, privacy will be the biggest challenge for GAFA (Google, Amazon, Facebook, Apple). Consumers want to be able to shop anytime, anywhere, but they don’t trust platforms at all: “How will they use my data?” This question involves all consumers because there are still so many aspects of this law that are still unknown. Information has great value and companies know it well. This is why transparency and privacy are at the heart of the debate. According to GlobalData, data privacy will be the first challenge for GAFA, who will face the emergence of new regulations in the coming years, while user privacy will remain the key element.

Beyond the GAFA, privacy is a global issue that affects all players. This is where user trust is at stake: we will finally find a balance between privacy and the need to track customer behavior.

Walled Gardens Will Undergo Stricter Controls

Following a series of data breach cases, the tech giants (walled gardens) have undergone more thorough checks on how they share and protect user data. In 2019, Facebook, Google, and Amazon are expected to introduce new data sharing and user privacy policies. This will allow for even stricter controls on user data and the information they share with advertisers.

Investments in video ads will grow, including on apps

Marketers will invest more in video advertising, improving the display of ads on high-quality sites through programmatic advertising channels, and will use Private Marketplaces (PMPs) to access higher-quality inventory. On smartphones, video content is mostly displayed via apps.

The power of data

More and more companies are using data in their digital marketing: the potential of data is essential to know what every consumer wants. However, a question remains: how are companies moving to face this new challenge? In addition to acquiring new tools, more and more brands are starting to collaborate with adtech-savvy vendors to regain control of their digital marketing. Years ago, we spoke of data as the “black gold” of our age. Everyone knows the importance of Big Data in the era of e-commerce. Now it is no longer just a question of collecting data, but also of understanding them in-depth to reduce operating costs, produce innovation, and improve the relationship with users through data-driven marketing.

The Growth of Social Media

Snapchat had no idea how much its ephemeral content could appeal to consumers and other social networks as well. The trend created by the application to upload images has been followed by other social networks such as Instagram, Facebook, WhatsApp, and even LinkedIn, the most professional of the networks is thinking of betting on the format. And it works. There is no doubt that Instagram offers interesting opportunities for marketing and sales: the “buy now” button takes us to an online store with a single click. And for the business sector, WhatsApp has finally found a new channel for B2B (as the old solutions on the market were not considered legal). Businesses have to think about how they want to communicate with their customers because the differences between an “intrusive advertisement” and a “useful advertisement” are subtle and subjective. In this context, it is worth highlighting the role of private messaging and its active function in the growth of the business which will mark another new trend for social media.

Artificial Intelligence Towards Maturity

When asked “What is the main trend in the industry today?”, Surely the answer is still artificial intelligence [AI]. Artificial intelligence is transforming e-commerce processes, improving user experience, and generating more revenue. Applying AI to e-commerce could give a big boost to online store sales.

Will artificial intelligence improve digital advertising? Brands and agencies see this technology as a great opportunity for the sector. It is a lever to face new challenges and a powerful anti-web fraud tool that allows you to safeguard the web reputation of brands in their online campaigns.

Artificial Intelligence still has a long way to go. Another point worth noting is that the AI ​​debates this year felt much more realistic than in previous years. That the topic is entering a new phase of maturity?

Not everything we saw during this edition was completely new: what we noticed, however, is an evolution of the themes.

The use of voice and visual technology 

The use of visual and voice technology in digital marketing will become more evident in 2021. With voice search, engagement becomes even more convenient and meaningful for both marketers and consumers at every stage of the purchase path.

According to Gartner, brands that redesign their websites to support visual and voice search and provide more interactive and engaging experiences will see eCommerce revenue increase by 30% by 2021. Brands and retailers who will optimize their websites with voice and visual search will be able to get in touch with buyers looking for instant information even on the move. Furthermore, they will generate more effective interactions with consumers.

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How fintech is changing the payments industry

Cash is currently the most common form of payment, but with technological evolution and new approaches in the banking world, the growth of digital systems is accelerating. Forecasts speak of an increase in global volumes of 10.9% by 2020, the year in which 726 billion transactions will be reached.

Home automation, always-on mobile connections, Fintech service channels for users are substitutes for the classic ATM or credit card, for example, Google Wallet. The sum of all these factors facilitates the adoption of digital systems for purchases by people. The digitization of B2B payments also has a positive impact on the supply chain, thanks to electronic invoicing and digital signatures, that allows us to speed up, monitor, and safeguard the entire business chain.

The amount of data generated by the transaction processes can be classified as Big Data. Volumes of data that can be used in the business intelligence and analytics of companies that will allow those who own them to design new models of interaction between banks, financial services, and customers.

In addition to digital transactions, other factors fuel Big Data volumes: such as the growing adoption of artificial intelligence and machine learning systems.

Artificial intelligence is starting to become a tangible and applicable reality in the creation of new models of interaction with users and customers, especially towards younger ones. Within the banking institutions, an awareness of the value of data management increases, which pushes the search for figures capable of interpreting Big Data.

The large digital platforms have for some time been looking with interest at some services until now reserved almost exclusively to branches. Alibaba is already a major financial player. Amazon has a lending service, aimed at businesses that will then sell their products online. And Facebook got a license that would allow Mark Zuckerberg to make loans. Bankers’ protests, however, have grown stronger in recent weeks after the European PSD2 directive came into force on January 13, which – among other things – requires banks to make customer data available to third parties. There are two main effects: payment services will be able to manage transactions without going through the “green light” of the institutions. And, above all, that these “third parties” will have an enormous amount of data at their disposal, to be exploited to offer and suggest customized services to users.

The practical translations of Tecnofinanza are numerous, for example in Italy 25% of the population between the age of majority and 74 has used a FinTech service at least once: probably one of the most common such as platforms dedicated to mobile payment (PayPal, Satispay or Apple Pay), applications dedicated to the management of prepaid cards (such as PostePay or Hype) or by interfacing with the online portal or through real digital branches to your bank.

Moving from the single user to group users, the services dedicated to Crowdfunding have proved to be particularly effective where entrepreneurs, inventors, artists, and designers take advantage of the possibility of publishing and advertising their project, receiving in exchange funds from various entities from individuals who want to see the project carried out or by companies that are interested in participating or sponsoring the idea.

Obviously, a sector in such rapid growth and still relatively little explored is destined to attract several Start-ups that represent the perfect corporate form both to explore the potential of this market and to welcome its benefits.

With regard to already established and more branched companies, FinTech represents the possibility of reaching new customers or increasing the number of purchases by loyal customers through dedicated apps or new methods of purchase and e-commerce.

In this segment, new banking institutions stand out without physical branches and prepaid cards which, through direct control from a dedicated mobile or desktop App, have attracted many new users.

But Apps and e-commerce are only the “public” side of FinTech which, thanks to more refined software, is starting to use increasingly complex algorithms capable of unpacking and analyzing in detail impressive quantities of Big Data as well as using increasingly sophisticated forms of artificial intelligence such as, for example, robo-advisors, or rather complex automated mathematical systems capable of managing small financial portfolios and providing advice on investments.

The Blockchain

The blockchain is a shared and immutable data structure. It is defined as a digital register whose entries are grouped into blocks, concatenated in chronological order, and whose integrity is guaranteed by the use of cryptography. Although its size is destined to grow over time, it is immutable since, as a rule, its content once written is no longer modifiable or eliminable, unless the entire structure is invalidated.

These technologies are included in the broader family of Distributed Ledgers, ie systems that are based on a distributed ledger, which can be read and modified by multiple nodes on a network. The nodes involved are not required to know each other’s identity or trust each other. In fact, to ensure consistency between the various copies, the addition of a new block is globally governed by a shared protocol. Once the addition of the new block has been authorized, each node updates its own private copy: the very nature of the data structure guarantees the absence of its future manipulation. The characteristics that the systems developed with Blockchain and Distributed Ledger technologies have in common are data digitization, decentralization, disintermediation, traceability of transfers, transparency/verifiability, immutability of the register, and programmability of transfers.

Thanks to these characteristics, the blockchain is therefore considered an alternative in terms of security, reliability, transparency, and costs to databases and registers managed centrally by recognized and regulated authorities.

Blockchain technology has great potential to transform business operating models in the long run. Blockchain is more of an underlyned technology, with the potential to create new technologies and new foundations for the global economy and social systems, rather than a destructive technology that attacks the traditional business model.

The use of blockchain promises to bring significant improvements to global supply chains, financial transactions, accounting assets, and distributed social networks. This new technology can be integrated into different areas and its protocols make it easier for companies to use new methods to process and manage digital transactions.

Examples include payment systems and digital currencies that facilitate crowd sales, implementation of the prediction market, and generic governance tools.

The blockchain can be used as a tool to certify the certain date of a document and it’s not having undergone any changes. This application of the blockchain, obtained by inserting the hash of the documents to be certified, is called notarization. An example of this use is the notarization of the movements of trucks transporting the land of a construction site to ensure compliance with environmental restrictions and standards.

It can meet the need for a trust service provider, ensure less litigation capital occurs and has the potential to reduce systematic risk and financial fraud.

Automate various processes that previously took a long time to perform manually, such as enterprise integration.

Most blockchain applications include cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin, Blackcoin, Dash, and Nxt and blockchain platforms such as Factom as a distributed ledger, Gems for decentralized messaging, MaidSafe for decentralized applications, Storj and Sia for distributed cloud storage, and Tezos for decentralized voting.

The new distribution method is also usable and available in the insurance field such as peer-to-peer insurance, parametric insurance, and microinsurance.

Banks are also interested in this new technology due to the fact that they speed up the back office settlement systems.

Other fields such as the collaborative economy and IoT can benefit from blockchain technology as they involve many peers in collaborating online voting applications as well.

It can also be used to develop information systems for doctors, increasing their interoperability and safety.

Several blockchains have also been developed for storing data, publishing texts, and identifying the origins of digital art.

Banks such as UBS have opened research centers dedicated to blockchain to explore the various implications that this new technology can have in financial services and to increase its efficiency and reduce costs.

A further application has been suggested to ensure spectrum sharing for wireless networks.

Revolut and Monzo

Revolut and Monzo are digital banks This new service has revolutionized the bank-customer relationship, giving many more advantages to the latter, it is the ideal service for those moving abroad, as it clearly simplifies the process necessary for obtaining a current account abroad. 

The advantages of both are:

  1. Ease and speed in opening a current account
  2. Control of your budget and access to the list of individual expenses
  3. Piggybank function, which allows you to round up the expense every time
  4. Ease and speed of closing the account

Among the differences there are: 

  1. If you want to send money overseas, Revolut is the cheapest option. Monzo offers the Mastercard rate.
  2. If you want to make a profit, Monzo offers interest with its current account.
  3. For ATM withdrawals, with Monzo, you can withdraw money for free from all ATMs in the UK. With Revolut you can only withdraw £ 200 per month for free

. Your choice must be based on your needs.  

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The five most dangerous cybersecurity threats for businesses during COVID

The experts of Libraesva, a leading Italian company in the development and supply of advanced email security solutions, had identified the first attack on a large scale. A phishing email campaign with a link inside that boasted insights into the Coronavirus but led to a phishing page. It was then the turn of Check Point Research, which through the Global Threat Index of January 2020 warned that the coronavirus already became a vehicle for the spread of malware, and in particular the dreaded Emotet. SophosLabs highlighted a massive spam attack last week, spreading Trickbot malware, which steals sensitive data and passwords.

The Ministry of the Interior also raised the alarm on an email with a compressed Excel file attached that downloaded the RAT malware called “Pallax” to the computer of the unfortunate. It allowed hackers to take control of the device.

The precautions to be taken in order not to fall into the trap are the same in all cases.

If the subject of the message touches on a problem that is of great interest or that worries the public, the alert must be maximum. Cybercriminals know that the emotional component increases the success of a criminal operation.

Sender: Never assume that the sender is truthful. Any name can be entered arbitrarily in the “from” field of the emails.

Mistakes: Spam emails are often littered with grammatical or spelling errors. It is a detail to look for carefully and it is an unequivocal sign of a scam. The same goes for logos that are out of focus or with some minimal difference from the original.

Links: You should not click on links contained in emails. If the topic in question really interests, better conduct research independently, without clicking anything from the email. Look-are often used alike URLs– web addresses that resemble the original, except for one more or one less letter.

Personal data: Never enter personal data, especially passwords, on a site. In general, this is not a move to make, unless you are linked to a well-known login page.

Who has realized that you have entered your credentials on an insecure site, hurry to change your password promptly, before scammers can use it

Fake news

The above is even more valid when information arrives via social media. Concurrent with the COVID-19 epidemic, there has been a proliferation of fake news via WhatsApp. Thanks to the fact that news shared from group to group become viral in a few hours, the social network has become a vehicle for digital infection. In addition to completely unreliable news, false messages at best generate completely unwarranted fear and panic at a time when keeping calm is imperative. 

The only reliable information is published on institutional websites. When your contact or a group disseminates information, it is, therefore, a good idea to check it before taking it as true. If it is not, or if it is not possible to verify it, it is good to appeal to your civic sense and avoid “making it run”.

Smart Working

Another potential source of income for cybercriminals is Smart Working. COVID-19 has made many Italian companies discover that employees can work from home. Those that already applied smart working policies have extended them to the entire working week until a date to be decided. It is an opportunity, but it is also a risk.

Without the right tools, cybersecurity problems can arise. Here’s what companies should do to lower the risk of cyberattacks.

  • VPN: Provide employees working from home with a VPN that allows them to securely connect to the corporate network. This should lower the risk threshold for computers that have always been connected only to the corporate network, and are now connected to home networks.
  • Security Software: Equip all PCs with appropriate security software. In addition to protection, they must give the possibility to delete sensitive data in case of theft or loss of the mobile device.
  • Updates and Access: Operating systems and software must be updated to the latest version. Updates often close security holes that can make you vulnerable.

Restrict the access rights of people who connect to the corporate network. In the absence of a pre-existing configuration, this requires a lot of extra work from the IT staff. However, by implementing these techniques, the damages in case of violation are limited.

  • Spam: Make all personnel aware of the risks of replying to unsolicited messages. The reference is to targeted spam and phishing, therefore to emails with malicious attachments or links.

Ransomware Phishing Campaigns

RiskIQ security experts highlight ransomware campaigns targeting companies based in areas affected by the coronavirus outbreak. Cybercriminals would be implementing a well-known technique: phishing campaigns that exploit COVID-19 to infect victims. In this case, the malware used is AZORult.

The attacks mainly affect large companies, which work in markets or with supply chains in areas affected by the coronavirus. AZORult could be used to distribute ransomware. Cybercriminals target people who are tired or overworked, who can click on links in an absent-minded manner. The invitation to prudence and mistrust is therefore renewed.

Spear Phishing and Disinformation Campaigns

FireEye security experts have detected COVID-19-themed spear-phishing attacks globally. They are aimed both at carrying out espionage operations conducted by China, Russia, and North Korea against a series of targets and at carrying out disinformation campaigns. FireEye believes there will continue to be a use of Coronavirus-themed lures by opportunistic and financially motivated attackers due to the global relevance of the issue.

Instead, FireEye detected campaigns that use sending email attachments promising health information about the coronavirus. Too bad the files hide malware like Sogu and Cobalt Strike.

Proofpoint instead reports phishing emails spreading the AgentTesla keylogger and the NanoCore RAT. Both can steal personal information, including financial information.

Fortinet finally indicates “a significant increase in both legitimate and harmful activity based on the Coronavirus”. The malicious activity includes emails that appear to give Coronavirus updates from trusted sources, including governments, news agencies, and more.

the Android ransomware riding the coronavirus

The COVID-19 pandemic is an opportunity that cybercriminals are using to target Android users as well. Thanks to the constant and frantic search for information on the pandemic, and the fact that many consult the news via smartphones. What you need to watch out for is the Covid 19 Tracker app, which promises continuous updates on the spread of the virus in the area where you are. Instead of informing, it installs CovidLock ransomware, a known threat that triggers a screen-lock attack, on your smartphone. The result is that the smartphone is locked and a ransom payment of $ 100 in Bitcoin is required in order to access it again.

Researchers advise to be wary of coronavirus-themed apps, and as a precaution to set a screen lock password. They also remember to rely only on official information sources for news about the pandemic.

“CoronaVirus” ransomware “CoronaVirus”

malware is a new type of ransomware discovered by CyberArk researchers. It spreads through the malicious website WiseCleaner. Best, which automatically downloads the WSHSetup.exe downloader. It is programmed to download and launch other malicious files, including Kpot and CoronaVirus ransomware. The latter encrypts the victim’s data and demands a ransom of 0.008 Bitcoin, about $ 45. This is unusually low for ransomware.

The general tips to prevent bad situations are: 

  • Do not click on links that you are not sure of the origin
  • Do not enter your data on sites you are not sure of
  • Change your password often

In any case, the only official information comes from institutional sites, be wary of everyone else. 

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The most popular Project Management tools in software development

Teamwork plays a fundamental role on a professional level. The more employees work together on a project, the more important it is to achieve good coordination and communication. Only when all the tasks are optimally distributed and the exchange between the various collaborators works effectively, will it then be possible to achieve the best possible result.

Equally decisive is the fact that all interested parties have the necessary means and information and that they are promptly informed of significant changes. To optimize the process, more and more companies are using project management tools that often allow them to work more productively, particularly facilitating remote work.

What are project management tools?

A project management tool or software offers several functions for project management. The aim is the optimization of the work process, whereby the individual tools are suitable for fields such as planning, organization or analysis. For example, a tool of this type can be distinguished by the following characteristics:

Mind mapping: many tools help teams when it comes to finding ideas and therefore engaging in creative work. Mind mapping tools, as well as other brainstorming functions, invite project members and collaborators to share their ideas and actively shape the project. In this way you can also easily involve the client in the creative process, as long as you want to and have been given the right access to the tool.

File sharing: One of the most important basic thoughts of project management software is that users can share their tables, documents and other data with others. Many tools offer a main storage platform and the ability to define custom access permissions. This way all important files are always available wherever you are. Project managers or project administrators thus decide who has access to specific data.

Real-time communication: Project management tools often include several functions for real-time interaction between all users. Commenting functions allow you to quickly and easily discuss unclear tasks and other related issues. Many applications implemented are also based on established forms of communication, such as video telephony, instant messaging and e-mails, or have interfaces to classic programs, such as Outlook or Skype. In addition, most vendors rely on storing tables or text documents in the cloud, so that multiple users have access to them at the same time.

Calendar: it doesn’t matter if you have a team meeting scheduled, important business calls await you or you have a deadline to meet: emails, phone calls or chat messages are a good way to inform attendees about all those upcoming events that are often quickly forgotten. The more dates there are, the harder it will be to stay in control. For this reason, the project management tools provide calendar functions through which all important shared appointments can be viewed at any time.

Work management functions: Good project management software is characterized by the fact that the team leader or project manager can optimally plan and keep the different work processes under control. In this way, the components are made available through which resources can be optimally organized and divided. In addition, many tools offer solutions for documenting and evaluating work processes and progress. So if these applications are used throughout the company, they also facilitate communication between individual departments.

Which project manager tool to choose?

Jira is a suite of proprietary bug tracking software developed by Atlassian that enables bug tracking and agile project management. The product name is a truncation of Gojira, a Japanese transliteration of Godzilla.

According to Atlassian, Jira is used for problem monitoring and project management by more than 75,000 customers in 122 countries.

Jira is divided into four packages:

Jira Core is designed as generic project management;

Jira Software includes core software, including agile project management capabilities (formerly a separate product: Jira Agile);

Jira Service Desk is intended for use by IT or corporate services desks;

Jira Align is a team-wide data aggregator for real-time work sharing.

Jira is written in Java and uses the Pico control inversion container, the Apache OFBiz entity engine, and the WebWork 1 technology stack. For remote procedure calls (RPC), Jira supports REST, SOAP, and XML-RPC. Jira integrates with version control programs such as Clearcase, Concurrent Versions System (CVS), Git, Mercurial, Perforce, Subversion, and Team Foundation Server. It comes in various languages ​​including English, French, German, Japanese and Spanish.

Jira supports the Networked Help Desk API for sharing customer service tickets with other problem tracking systems.

Asana: is a work management software usable on the web or on mobile devices created in 2008 by Dustin Moskovitz, co-founder of Facebook, and Justin Rosenstein, programmer and former engineer on behalf of Google and Facebook.

The creators worked in the first place to improve the productivity of Facebook employees: only in 2012 they thought of launching Asana commercially, proposing it as a simple system to help teams manage everything with a single tool.

With Asana teams of dozens of people can create projects, assign tasks, specify deadlines and communicate new activities.

Asana allows you to create digital workspaces, or workspaces, within which you can create projects and gives the possibility to have a complete overview of all the activities concerning the project that will be carried out.

Asana allows you to create Tasks, or tasks that team members can carry out and monitor together or individually. To make the workspace even more functional, Asana allows you to integrate other productivity tools.

Trello: It’s a tool for digital workers but it’s actually so much more. When we approach these new services to improve the workflow we think they can only be suitable for those who have a digital project. Trello has garnered so much success because companies and brands around the world, both online and offline, have started using this safe and simple platform. To tell the truth, there are more and more testimonials from those who also use it as an organizer of their private life or a holiday.

Monday: is a web and mobile application for team management. The product is a cloud-based web platform and mobile application, designed to manage activities, tasks, customers, track projects, deadlines, and optimize the collaboration of work teams. The product is customizable and meets various needs and business operations, including research and development, human resources, marketing, sales, product and customer management.

Case Studies

Hack Reactor: Read here how using Asana wall-to-wall has been crucial in helping Hack Reactor scale. 

Kickstarting Creativity: How Trello Powers Communication At Kickstarter: This case study explain how using Trello improve communication inside Kickstarter

How a $1 Billion Company Used monday.com to Create a Killer Company Culture: This is the story of how Avishai Abrahami, the CEO of Wix, overcame the company’s growing pains by creating a culture of transparency.

Each software has different features that can be adapted to the needs of the company. To make the right choice, you need to carefully evaluate what the needs of the company are.

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The impact of tech in the fashion industry

Technology and fashion, two sectors that seem to have nothing in common, instead technology has had a great impact on fashion and making fashion.

Here are some technologies that have changed fashion.

  • CAD programs: Hallowed to reduce the spaces used in the fashion industry. To make a pattern, you needed large boards, rulers, and squares. Now with programs such as Inkscape,Seamly you just need a PC. Inkscape is an open-source CAD program, open to users who can help improve its performance, the same applies to Seamly. Pro2CAD instead is paid and designed only for Windows.
  • Applications Even the design of fashion sketches have gone from manual to digital with applications such as Prêt à Template with which you can draw on ready-made sketches and pass the design via email to the model maker.

POLYVORE: An application that I recommend for “fashion beginners”, available for both Android and iOS because it creates outfits by mixing the items sold by the main online stores, perfect because it combines the love for fashion and online shopping, outfits created are basic, but always perfect, for those who are always in a hurry and do not want to make a mistake with outfits for a special occasion.

STYLEBOOK: Invented by a former Vogue intern, it will help you dress up according to the season and the event you have to attend, just upload photos of your wardrobe, to make a database available to the application to consult and organize according to needs. Very useful because it becomes a sort of catalog of your wardrobe, sorted by color and fabric, to always carry with you and view when you go shopping, so it will never happen again to forget those lovely trousers at the bottom of the wardrobe to discover, at home, to have bought an identical one.

  • 3D Printer The use of 3D printers has given a strong impetus to the fashion industry since it enables the realization of shapes and patterns are impossible to create with traditional manufacturing techniques, due to the 3D printing head is processed with software and sent to the machine which makes it real immediately, eliminating multiple steps, from cutting to packaging.
  • The use of the Internet of Things (IoT): used to make the single item of clothing a means of communication between retailer and consumer, as well as helping the latter to understand how the product itself is made and can be customized.
  • Big data and Artificial Intelligence: true marketing revolution of the second millennium, Big data analysis, and artificial intelligence systems, especially when combined, can improve both customer service and provide them with an experience that is always innovative and as close as possible to specific needs. of the customer, even noting the urgency in customer requests based on the tone of voice, the language used, and the emotion expressed during customer service calls, both bring a distinct advantage to the brand. Not only that: on the customer’s side: they can also allow him to subject his body or face to analysis to obtain precise answers on clothes, make-up, accessories, or other, more suited to his physiognomy; on the brand side, they can be very useful allies in the elaboration and programming of market strategies, production processes and analysis of results, ensuring a much shorter response time to critical situations than traditional methods.
  • Augmented reality (so-called Augmented Reality, or AR): the advent of AR has, in fact, made it possible to create real digital dressing rooms, which allow, by means of a simple camera, to view the product ( on a mannequin or on oneself), helping the customer who is too busy or too shy to choose the most suitable solution for him in the comfort of his home and / or office and obtaining, in return, greater loyalty and satisfaction of the same, which feels fully guided and involved in the product selection process. The customer will have fewer problems in trying on a garment, especially when it comes to t-shirts or shirts (of which often the size does not vary from garment to garment unlike trousers) just use the application or the virtual mirror present in the store or in the store application.

These are brand extension or co-branding marketing strategies, which exploit today’s technologies, starting from the Internet of Things to get to augmented reality, to modify the traditional interaction with the customer, and make the experience with the brand unique and differentiated. starting from the message that the company wants to spread (by means of multiple communication channels, especially social media, a true bulwark of fashion 4.0, and of subjects, belonging to them, specifically chosen to represent the ideal image of the customer of a certain brand), phase in which the user assumes a pre-eminently passive position, up to the personalization of the real shopping experience, which instead places the user in a position of active dominance with real use of technology at the consumer service, and not vice versa.

So that users feel included, understood, and fully satisfied, being able to interact with the brand, experiencing custom-made experiences based on their needs, feeling they can in some way also influence the choices of the brand they are most affiliated with. The satisfaction deriving from such an experience determines in turn, in a customer-customer and no longer brand-customer chain, the voluntary advertising of the product, and the true global success of the brand, with enormous benefits for sales.


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Flutter Vs Angular vs React Native: differences and use cases

Today we will talk about the main differences between Flutter, Angular and React Native


Language: Flutter apps are written in a language called Dart, which is relatively easy to learn and understand and is a language promising to program for cross-platform development. However, it doesn’t have the same popularity as JavaScript. A developer starting with Flutter should first learn Dart. Generally, developers with a C ++ / Java background can relate to Dart better than JavaScript developers.

Test: Flutter is the news when it comes to frameworks. Testing a new framework can be challenging, but Flutter uses Dart, which provides a great unit test framework. Flutter also provides an excellent choice for testing widgets on a headless runtime at unit test speed

Performance – there is no JavaScript bridge in Flutter to initiate interactions with native device components, which dramatically accelerates execution time and speed of development. Flutter’s animation standard has been set at 60 fps, which indicates its high performance. Finally, because Flutter is compiled into native ARM code for both iOS and Android, it never faces performance issues.

User Interface: Flutter incorporates elegant integrated Material Design and Cupertino, such as advanced motion APIs, iOS-style widgets, smooth scrolling and platform awareness. Flutter has its own individual UI components, adaptable widget sets, and material designs along with an engine that helps render them on iOS and Android.

Community Support: Flutter’s community support can be seen in its 98,000 stars on GitHub, 47.6k user subreddit, and on Stack Overflow. While Dart didn’t get much admiration in the Stack Overflow developer survey, early blog posts provided positive feedback on using Flutter. Furthermore, their documentation is very complete and answers all questions asked in an acceptable time frame.

Usage Cases

1. Google Ads (Utility)

The Google Ads app allows users to view campaign statistics on an Android smartphone. The app displays campaign details such as real-time alerts and notifications, allows you to call a Google expert, take action on suggestions to improve your campaign, add / edit / remove keywords, and more.

2. Alibaba (eCommerce)

The Alibaba.com app is a wholesale marketplace for global commerce and incorporates Flutter to power parts of the app. The app allows its users to purchase products from suppliers around the world, all from the convenience of a mobile app.


Language Angular uses TypeScript, which is a superset of JS created for larger projects. TypeScript is relatively compact compared to JavaScript. This makes it easier to navigate and makes the code refactoring process easier and faster. Angular is a rewrite of AngularJS, a JavaScript framework, which has been enhanced for more intuitive TypeScript usage.

Test: In Angular, testing and debugging a complete project can be done with a single tool, such as Protractor, Jasmine or Karma. Another great tool that debugs your app in development mode is the Augury browser extension.

Performance: AngularJS is recognized for its moderate performance while dealing with complex and dynamic applications. React and Flutter apps are faster than Angular apps of the same size. However, some new versions of Angular are a bit faster than React.

User Interface: Angular has an integrated Material technology stack. It comes with many pre-built material design components. This makes configuring the user interface extremely agile and simple.

Community Support: Angular is constantly and actively supported by Google, which continues to advance the Angular ecosystem. Since 2018 it also provides a framework with LTS (Long-Term Support). According to the Stack Overflow Developer Survey, the number of developers working with Angular is greater than those working with React and Flutter.

Usage Cases

  1. Gmail

Developed by Google (the company that created Angular and continues to support it) and launched in 2004, Gmail has a subscriber base of over 1.4 billion people and is the most widely used free email service. Gmail currently supports 105 different languages.

  1. YouTube TV

Created with Angular 2 and launched in 2017, YouTube TV is Google’s alternative to AT&T TV Now and Hulu + Live TV, offering affordable basic access to a myriad of live shows. The service is available on Android TV, Apple TV, Chromecast, Fire TV, Roku OS, and Xbox One. It also works with smart TVs from market leaders like LG and Samsung.

The YouTube TV Cloud DVR offering allows you to record as much content as you like, which can be archived for up to nine months, ending the storage limits imposed by most competitors.

React Native

Language: React is based on the ES6 + JavaScript language along with JSX, which is an extension of the JavaScript syntax that makes mirroring JavaScript code written in HTML. Developers find it easy to write code in JavaScript, and in turn, learning React is very easy for any JavaScript developer.

Testing: Developers using React have all JavaScript frameworks available for unit-level testing. However, when it comes to UI and automation testing, conditions aren’t that good. While you may find many third-party libraries available, there isn’t a clear picture.

Performance: Ideally you will need a bridge in React to call Swift, Windows, Android, or Mac APIs. Developers face problems when building hybrid apps, but rarely encounter performance issues for native apps. React offers uninterrupted performance in all typical cases and is highly reliable.

User Interface: React App Development uses third party libraries since it does not have its own library of user interface components. React Native Material Design and Shoutem are two examples of user-accessible UI libraries. React Native is similar to using HTML without a CSS framework. Compared to Flutter, the React Native UI relies more on native components for both iOS and Android. It also provides a more pleasant user experience (UX) when a user logs into the operating system.

Community Support: React was released as open source on GitHub in 2015 and is the most popular framework on Stack Overflow. It’s supported by a huge community, with over 89,000 stars on GitHub, 58.4k users on its subreddit, and great support on Stack Overflow. This is why they have more third party libraries / plugins than Flutter.

Use Cases

1. Facebook Ads Manager

Ads Manager is the first cross-platform React Native app created by Facebook. The Javascript framework perfectly handles the difference in ad formats, date formats, currencies, time zones, etc. It has a clean interface, intuitive UX and simple navigation that guarantees an amazing experience for users. 

2. Bloomberg

The app provides users with global business and financial news. Before the Bloomberg team adopted React Native for mobile app development, they had to spend a lot of time developing and updating individual versions of the iOS and Android apps. Through in-depth tests of the prototype built with React Native, the technology for simultaneous updating of cross-platform apps was adopted.

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Java vs. Kotlin vs. PHP: differences and use cases

What is Javascript? 

JavaScript is best known as a scripting language for web pages, it is also used in many non-browser environments such as node.js or Apache CouchDB. It is a prototype-based multi-paradigm scripting language that is dynamic and supports object-oriented, imperative, and functional programming styles.


  • Usable in both frontend and backend
  • Lots of frameworks
  • Fast and light


  • Too unpredictable
  • There is no way to control memory usage 
  • No output in case of error

Uses of Java 


Let’s start by emphasizing that the Android operating system is strictly based on Java and that Android phones consistently garner more than 85% market share. Add to this the fact that most mobile app developers call Java their official programming language. Java is compatible with app design software such as Kotlin and Android Studio. Java Platform, Micro Edition (alternatively called Java ME or J2ME) works as a cross-platform framework for building applications that run on all devices that support Java.

GUI Applications

stands for Graphic User Interface and Java allows GUI development via resources such as Abstract Windowing Toolkit (AWT), JavaFX, and Swing. AWT has several predefined components such as buttons, lists, menus, and several third party components.

Java web servers and application servers

The robust Java ecosystem has given rise to numerous web servers and Java applications. The web server space hosts servlets such as Apache Tomcat, Project Jigsaw, and Rimfaxe Web Server (RWS). Meanwhile, servlets like WebLogic, WebSphere, and JBoss EAP have a solid foundation in the commercial application server space.

What is Kotlin

Kotlin is a static programming language for JVM, Android, and browser, 100% interoperable with Java


  • Interoperable with Java
  • Official Android support
  • Concise


  • Frequent use of keys {}
  • There is no standard code
  • The community is not very friendly

Uses of Kotlin

Kotlin for Android 

Kotlin is supported as a first-class language on Android. There are hundreds of applications that already use Kotlin for Android, such as Basecamp, Pinterest, and others.

Kotlin for server development

Kotlin is 100% compatible with JVM and as such, you can use any existing framework such as Spring Boot, vert.x, or JSF. Also, there are specific frameworks written in Kotlin such as Ktor.

Kotlin for web development

In addition to using for web backend, you can also use Kotlin / JS for the client-side. Kotlin can use DefinitelyTyped definitions to achieve static typing for common JavaScript libraries and is compatible with existing module systems such as AMD and CommonJS.

What is PHP

Fast, flexible, and pragmatic, PHP powers everything from your blog to the most popular websites in the world.


  • Very large community
  • Easy to use
  • Fantastic frameworks


  • inconsistent API
  • Not very secure
  • Community too fragmented

Uses of PHP

Server-side scripting

This is the most traditional and main field for PHP. It takes three things to make it work: the PHP parser (CGI or server module), a web server, and a web browser. You need to run the webserver, with a PHP installation attached. You can access the PHP program output with a web browser by viewing the PHP page via the server.

Command Line Scripting

This type of use is ideal for scripts that are run regularly using cron (on * nix or Linux) or Task Scheduler (on Windows). These scripts can also be used for simple word processing tasks. 

Writing desktop applications

PHP probably is not the best language for creating a desktop application with a graphical user interface, but if you are very familiar with PHP and want to use some advanced PHP features in client-side applications, you can also use PHP-GTK to write such programs. You also have the option of writing cross-platform applications this way.

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